The types of curls can be put into 3 categories:
- WAVY 2A-2C Forms a loose “S” easily straightened.
- CURLY 3A-3C Forms a definite “S” shaped like a corkscrew.
- COILY 4A-4C Very tight curl when stretched creates an “S”.
So now you’ve identified your curl type-but how do you keep your curls happy?
Co-washing, or conditioner washing is a method of cleansing the hair with conditioner instead of shampoo. Because you are still scrubbing the scalp with a cleanser, you are still removing dirt and residue. This method is particularly beneficial for curly hair because it keeps hair hydrated without stripping the natural oils. Co-washing leaves hair shiny and smooth, and tends to be gentler on textured hair. Completely saturate the hair. Use a gentle conditioner such as Plaine Products Rosemary Mint Vanilla Conditioner, massage into the scalp, and distribute evenly through hair ends. Rinse well until the water runs clear. This method can be used as often as 2 to 3 times a week. If you are going to use the co-washing method, it is important to include a clarifying shampoo such as Plaine Products Rosemary Mint Vanilla Shampoo into your rotation. Removing buildup is important for scalp and hair health-especially for those with oily hair types and heavy product users.
Detangling is very important with curly hair-especially with the tighter curl patterns of type 3 and 4 hair, because hairs tend to curl and coil around each other, causing tangles. Tangles lead to breakage and can stunt healthy hair growth. Detangle gently in the shower during your co-wash with fingers or a wide-tooth comb. Use a detangler such as Plaine Products Hair Repair. Spray damp hair liberally, focusing on hair ends. Always use a wide-tooth comb on damp hair-never a brush. Start from hair ends and work your way up the hair shaft to prevent snags and breakage.
If you have Type 2 curls, you want to use lighter products that won’t weigh your hair down. A dab of mousse, light gel or defining cream work well for soft waves. To enhance your texture and define your loose waves, try a sea salt spray or Plaine Products Hair Repair on damp hair.
For Type 3a to 3b curls, Try an anti-humectant (humidity-blocking) styling cream, cream gel, or light oil for more definition and less frizz.
If you have Type 3c curls,use styling creams, puddings or a light hair oil such as Plaine Products Beauty Oil for hydration. Deep condition at least once a week to retain elasticity and moisture.
Type 4 Curls need to be kept moisturized. They can tend to lack porosity and the tight coils can prevent the distribution of sebum (natural oil produced by your scalp) throughout hair ends. This can lead to hair drying out faster than other curl patterns, so it is important to keep your hair moisturized. There are many products on the market, find one that works for your hair. A curl-defining hair-custard, butter, milk, or gelee can stretch the coil safely for twist-outs and braids. Try a creamy humectant such as a dab of Shea-Butter as a leave-in treatment to add moisture. A light oil can also be beneficial for type 4 curls. Plaine Products Beauty Oil is a wonderfully balanced mixture of Primrose oil, Grapeseed oil, Clary Sage Essential Oil, Jojoba Oil, Flaxseed Oil, and Hemp Seed Oil. Beauty Oil is light in texture and has many beneficial uses. It can be used on the scalp for massage, to balance dryness, or applied to hair ends to define curls & coils and control frizz.
This post was written by Krysia McDonald, Head of Salon Sales for Plaine Products, and an extraordinary hairstylist with over 20 years of experience in the Hair Industry. If you’ve got your own, tough hair questions, Krysia can help! Be sure to check out our new website feature, Ask A Stylist!